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DREAM Act Could Be Major Focus of 2012 Maryland Elections

Advocates and opponents of in-state tuition bill gearing up for November.

While Barack Obama and his Republican opponent will capture national headlines this November, Maryland voters will turn their attention to in-state policy disputes, like .

"The idea is that, while you're waiting for citizenship, you can be preparing yourself to contribute to the future of Maryland," said Sen. Victor Ramirez, D-Prince George's, who coauthored the in-state tuition bill in 2011.

By the end of April, groups like Educating Maryland Kids and Help Save Maryland will be canvassing neighborhoods, calling homes and distributing pamphlets in an attempt to sway voters on a referendum vote for the controversial bill.

Presidential candidates will of course be on the ballot in November, but Maryland is typically ignored by national campaigns because it is such a safe state for Democrats.

If enacted, the DREAM Act will allow illegal immigrants to pay in-state tuition rates provided they attended high school in Maryland, file Maryland income taxes and be in the process of applying for citizenship or permanent residency. Currently, illegal immigrants have to pay out-of-state tuition rates, which are often thousands of dollars more than in-state rates.

Brad Botwin, executive director of Help Save Maryland, a citizen group opposed to illegal immigration, said the organization intends to base its campaign around the financial burden it would put on Maryland, and said the DREAM Act is "a nightmare for taxpayers."

Botwin estimates that the financial difference between in-state and out-of-state tuition would cost upwards of $40,000 per student over four years. In addition, immigrants who graduate cannot legally be employed in Maryland.

There's no official data regarding how many students the reduced rates will affect. Immigrant advocacy group CASA de Maryland estimates that around 150 kids will be able to qualify, but Botwin places the number much higher.

Educating Maryland Kids, an advocacy group in support of the DREAM Act, was recently founded to reach out to community voters and gather support.

Campaign coordinator Travis Tazellar said the group plans to gather support for the movement around the benefits of an educated workforce.

While planning is still in the initial stages, Tazellar said the group will focus its efforts on door-to-door canvassing, phone calls and garnering support from local education advocacy groups.

"We're going to run an aggressive campaign," he said.

Since only people who are in the process of applying for legal residency can qualify for in-state tuition, supporters aren't worried about long-term effects on Maryland's economy.

Both Educating Maryland Kids and Help Save Maryland are 501(c) organizations, and rely on donations to fund their campaigns. Under Maryland campaign finance law, citizen groups created for educational outreach purposes are allowed to operate as long as they don't endorse a specific candidate.

Another controversial issue that could be decided in November's election is same-sex marriage, which will likely go to referendum if approved by the General Assembly.

After last fall's petition against the DREAM Act gathered enough votes to put the bill to a referendum, the bill is caught up in a court battle. Both sides are debating whether or not a referendum is allowed under the Maryland constitution, since the document "prohibits referendums on laws that maintain or aid public institutions."

Ten states, including California and Texas, have passed laws on in-state tuition for illegal immigrants.

Delegate Pat McDonough, R-Baltimore County, is opposed to the DREAM Act, and served as the honorary chair of last fall's petition drive that put the law to a referendum.

"The average person is opposed to the idea of illegal aliens receiving a discount during these harsh economic times," he said.

But McDonough thinks that pro-DREAM Act groups like La Raza and CASA de Maryland will have a better chance at securing financial resources for their advocacy campaign.

"We will be outspent," McDonough said.

The bill would also allow military members who have been stationed in Maryland for more than three years to qualify for in-state tuition.

Capital News Service's Lizzy McLellan contributed to this report.

Woodside Park Bob February 11, 2012 at 12:09 PM
The more educated people we have in Maryland, the better off we will be as a state and a society. We already educate illegal immigrant children through high school. Helping them get a higher education so they can reach their full potential benefits all of us.
stephanie smart February 11, 2012 at 03:50 PM
Ana Sol Gutierrez will discuss The Dream Act on Sunday, Feb. 12 at 10:25 am at River Road Unitarian Universalist Congregation in Bethesda. The discussion is free and open to the public. Gutierrez was instrumental in getting the Dream Act passed.
KatieSilverSpring February 13, 2012 at 12:00 PM
It would be good to have a round-up of what Gutierrez said yesterday.
Corbin Dallas Multipass February 13, 2012 at 01:48 PM
I can't say I took notes, but I did attend out of curiosity. My major takeaways... She explained the history of the bill and what it actually does. She explained how it came to pass after numerous back and forths to address the concerns of opponents, and that the result of that process is a very restrictive set of requirements for those undocumented students seeking in state tuition at the State's Universities. They must attend 2 years at a community college first while in pursuit of an Associates Degree which they must complete. Community colleges are open enrollment so this doesn't displace anyone. This also means that they can only really ever start attending their Junior year. The student and their parents must file for three years of taxes as well. And they must have the academic record such that they get accepted by the University they wish to attend in the first place, be it CP, Frostberg, Salisbury, or whatever. She discussed how the referendum was drawn up and her experiences debating it in the media, including a discussion on MPT viewable here: http://video.mpt.tv/video/2169504160 (Terrible man on the street interviews woo!) I'm leaving out a ton of details, those were the most interesting points to me.
jnrentz1 February 21, 2012 at 02:11 PM
Gutierrez should be voted out of office.

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